Norman ====== Norman provides a framework for creating complex data structures using an database-like approach. The range of potential application is wide, for example in-memory databases, multi-keyed dictionaries or node graphs. These applications are illustrated in the following examples. Database -------- This is a small database for a personal library:: db = Database() @db.add class Book(Table): name = Field(unique=True) author = Field(index=True) def validate(self): assert isinstance(, str) assert isinstance(, Author) @db.add class Author(Table): surname = Field(unique=True) initials = Field(unique=True, default='') nationality = Field() books = Join( Multi-keyed Dictionary ---------------------- This table can be used as a dictionary with three keys:: class MultiDict(Table): key1 = Field(unique=True) key2 = Field(unique=True) key3 = Field(unique=True) value = Field() Values can be added by:: MultiDict(key1=4, key2='abc', key3=0, value='efg') And queried by:: for m in (MultiDict.key1 == 4 & Multidict.key2 == 'abc'): print(m.value) Node Graph ---------- This is a graph, where each node can have many parent nodes and many children nodes:: class Link(Table): """ Directional connections between nodes. """ parent = Field(unique=True) child = Field(unique=True) def validate(self): assert isinstance(self.parent, Node) assert isinstance(self.child, Node) class Node(Table): """ Nodes in the graph. """ parents = Join(query=lambda n: (Link.child == n).field('parent')) children = Join(query=lambda n: (Link.parent == n).field('child')) def validate_delete(self): # Delete all connecting links if a node is deleted (Link.parent == self).delete() (Link.child == self).delete()


Project Slug


Last Built

7 years, 11 months ago passed


Home Page



business-logic, database, data-structures, in-memory, orm, python

Short URLs

Default Version


'latest' Version